Peace can be defined as a “just state of political coexistence without conflicts between nations or human communities.”

Relativity of the word Peace
“Peace” is a faded and uninspiring word. “Eternal peace” is synonymous with death, while “eternal war” can symbolically be synonymous with life. In common usage, Peace is a term primarily used to indicate a pact that is made or imposed to end a state of war. In this case, the position of the victor dominates, and for this reason, as historically demonstrated, it can contain elements of imbalance that are a stimulus for new wars. “Peace” is also a greeting used by people who make conflicts an essential part of their culture. Aggressors have always dominated the world stage, and History is the millennial account of conflicts and clashes. The question we can ask, therefore, is the following: is Peace compatible with the human species?

Peace as Balance – or Utopia?
Peace, therefore, as a “just state of political coexistence without conflicts between nations or human communities,” is a condition of balance, like the state of health, while war is a pathological situation of disease. In general terms, an organism feels healthy if its entire being has no situations of suffering. If there are localized pathologies or pains, even limited ones, the individual does not consider themselves healthy but declares to be in suffering. If we want to talk about the world organism, Peace is effective when it is widespread everywhere, and there are no tensions and conflicts between the various components of the Globe. Therefore, Peace is to be considered a utopia, as in every historical era, as far as we know, contrasts and hostilities have always characterized human history. However, two considerations must be made. Firstly, as in the human body, the state of health is never perfect: ordinarily, we consider ourselves in balance even when minor pathologies and disturbances appear insignificant and do not compromise the general feeling of well-being. Furthermore, if Peace is a utopia, it is nonetheless within the human spirit that one can and must aspire to achieve ever better conditions: striving towards utopias – social, scientific, political, or religious – has always been considered a fundamental factor of progress.

This general and synthetic definition should not make us forget that in the real world, marked by wars between states, civil wars, terrorist activities, and various forms of violence, Peace is actually a complex, almost evanescent concept, influenced by various social, economic, cultural, political, and psychological factors that must be considered in a detailed analysis. Eliminating weapons and promoting balance may seem reasonable but is not enough. We often face a congenital phenomenon on which injustices and madness are grafted.

There are infinite pages and considerations on the genesis of wars. What needs to be asked instead is whether it is possible to clearly construct a theory of Peace as such, not as a situation of “non-war,” like Light, which exists as its own reality and not as a “lack of darkness.”